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Standard

Situazione iniziale

In un sistema formato da oltre 300 fornitori di dati (imprese di trasporto) e almeno altrettanti utenti dei dati, sono indispensabili determinate prescrizioni sotto forma di standard. Nel contesto globale ad esempio il nome di una fermata deve essere interpretato in modo univoco da tutti. Questa informazione deve essere poi trasmessa in modo corretto e corrente attraverso tutte le interfacce.

Pertanto la leadership di sistema emana prescrizioni vincolanti solamente in due settori:

  1. standard strutturali: prescrizioni superiori circa le modalità di definizione e identificazione degli oggetti nei trasporti pubblici svizzeri;
  2. standard d’interfaccia: sulla base di standard d’interfaccia, perlopiù già esistenti, vengono prescritti esattamente per ogni interfaccia aspetti specifici per la Svizzera sotto forma di prescrizioni di realizzazione (realisation guide = RG).
 

Di seguito sono riportati e disponibili per il download tutti gli standard dichiarati vincolanti dalla direzione per le imprese di trasporto concessionarie della Svizzera. Se possibile sono riportate anche le versioni precedenti e i documenti in fase di elaborazione. Sono presenti i link dei documenti di approfondimento e integrativi.

Contatto

Qualitätssicherung
Systemaufgaben Kundeninformation
Wylerstrasse 123/125
3000 Bern 65
qs.ski@sbb.ch

1. Standard strutturali

Gli standard strutturali servono a una comprensione univoca nel sistema globale svizzero dei trasporti pubblici. In parte gli standard strutturali sono stati elaborati in collaborazione con la Commissione Informazione ai clienti Traffico di Alliance SwissPass.

In questa tabella sono riportati tutti gli standard strutturali approvati dalla direzione SKI. Lo stato indica il livello di avanzamento dell’oggetto nel processo globale di approvazione (per la pianificazione si veda la roadmap SKI).

Structural Standards (Stand as at 11.05.22)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
Swiss Identification for Public Transport (SID4PT) Master Specifications for the Swiss Identification for Public Tranport (version 1.1)

Download: DE | FR | IT
BindingDetails of the last review: Link
Swiss Journey ID (SJYID)Business concept for the Swiss Journey ID (version 1.2)
> Download: DE | FR | IT

Business Specifications for the Swiss Journey ID (version 1.3) - Stand as 11.05.22

> Download: DE | FR | IT


Roadmap for the implementation of the Swiss Journey ID as developed by the working group KIDS. Approved by the participants of KIDS.

> Download: EN
Binding


Details of the last review: Link
Swiss Location ID (SLOID)Business Specifications for the Swiss Location ID (version 1.2)

Download: DE | FR | IT
BindingDetails of the last review: Link
Swiss Business Organisation ID (SBOID)Business Specifications for the Swiss Business Organisation (version 1.2)

Download: DE | FR | IT
BindingDetails of the last review: Link
Swiss Line ID (SLNID) Business Specifications for the Swiss Line ID (version 1.2)
incl. SDIID

Download: DE | FR | IT
BindingDetails of the last review: Link
Swiss Situation ID (SSTID)Business Specifications for the Swiss Situation ID (version 1.0)

Download: DE | FR | IT
BindingDetails of the last review: Link
*) Information on the status of the directives
Binding : Binding for public transport in Switzerland, offical validation by Management Board SKI
Review : Document is under review, no validation by Management Board SKI
Draft : Work in progess, no validation by Management Board SKI

2. Standard d’interfaccia

Esistono oltre 50 interfacce verso i/dai sistemi di Attività di sistema Informazione alla clientela. Il seguente grafico offre una panoramica sui principali standard, incl. il relativo autore, e comprende sia gli standard già applicati che quelli previsti.

Per determinate interfacce esistono direttive di realizzazione specifiche per la Svizzera che richiedono una precisazione degli standard esistenti. La loro elaborazione spetta a gruppi di lavoro.

Timetable data

HRDF based on 5.40.41 (as at: August 2022)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
HRDF 5.40.41
Guidelines
HRDF – Guidelines (version 5.40.41)

Download: DE
Binding (old version)More Information about HRDF (HAFAS Raw Data Format): Link
HRDF 5.40.41
Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public Transport (2.0.2)
HRDF – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 2.0.2)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN

Advances notice for the Realisation Guide
Download: DE | FR
Binding (old version)
Based on HAFAS raw data format 5.40.41)
HRDF 5.40.41
Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public Transport (2.0.4)
HRDF – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 2.0.4)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN
BindingBased on HAFAS raw data format 5.40.41)

DINO (as at: June 2021)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
DINO 1.7
Guidelines
DINO – Guidelines (version 1.7)

Download: DE
Draft
DINO 2.1
Guidelines
DINO – Guidelines (version 2.1)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN
Draft

NeTEx (as at: February 2021)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
NeTEx Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public TransportNeTEx Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 0.8.8.5)

Download: EN
DraftMore Information about NeTEx on GitHub: Link
*) Information on the status of the directives
Binding = Binding for public transport in Switzerland, offical validation by Management Board SKI
Review = Document is under review, no validation by Management Board SKI
Draft = Work in progess, no validation by Management Board SKI

Real time data

VDV 453 based on XSD 2015a (as at: May 2021)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
VDV453 (XSD 2015a) - GuidelinesVDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.4)

Download: DE
DeprecatedMore Information about VDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.6)
and interfaces for realtime data: Link
VDV453 (XSD 2015a) - Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public TransportVDV453 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 1.4.1)

Download: DE
DeprecatedBased on VDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.4)
VDV453 (XSD 2015a) - Realisation Guide for direct connection CUS/SBB onlyVDV453 – Realisation Guide – SBB (version 2.8.2)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN
DeprecatedBased on VDV453 – Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public Transport (version 1.4.1)

VDV 453 based on XSD 2017d (as at: January 2022)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
VDV453 (XSD 2017d) - GuidelinesVDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.6.1)

Download: DE
BindingMore Information about VDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.6.1)
and interfaces for realtime data: Link
VDV453 (XSD 2017d) - Realisation Guide for direct connection CUS/SBB onlyVDV453 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 1.5) with included SBB-Realisation Guide

Download: DE | FR | EN

IT (in Bearbeitung)
BindingBased on VDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.6.1)
VDV453 (XSD 2017d) - Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public TransportVDV453 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 1.5)

Download: DE | FR | EN

IT (in Bearbeitung)
BindingBased on VDV453 – Guidelines (version 2.6.1)

VDV 454 based on XSD 2015a (as at: May 2021)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
VDV454 (XSD 2015a) - GuidelinesVDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.0)

Download: DE
DeprecatedMore Information about VDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.0)
and interfaces for realtime data: Link
VDV454 (XSD 2015a) - Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public TransportVDV454 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 1.4.1)

Download: DE
DeprecatedBased on VDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.0)
VDV454 (XSD 2015a) - Realisation Guide for direct connection CUS/SBB onlyVDV454 – Realisation Guide – SBB (version 2.7.1)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN
DeprecatedBased on VDV454 – Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public Transport (version 1.4.1)

VDV 454 based on XSD 2017d (as at: January 2022)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
VDV454 (XSD 2017d) - GuidelinesVDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.2.1)

Download: DE
BindingMore Information about VDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.2.1)
and interfaces for realtime data: Link
VDV454 (XSD 2017d) - Realisation Guide for direct connection CUS/SBB onlyVDV454 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 1.5) with included SBB-Realisation Guide

Download: DE | FR | EN

IT (in Bearbeitung)
BindingBased on VDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.2.1)
VDV454 (XSD 2017d) - Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public TransportVDV454 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system (version 1.5)

Download: DE | FR | EN

IT (in Bearbeitung)
BindingBased on VDV454 – Guidelines (version 2.2.1)

VDV 453/454: Related documents XSD 2015a and XSD 2017d (as at: May 2021)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
VDV454 Using the Forecast Status in VDV454VDV454 – Using the Forecast Status in VDV454 (version 1.1)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN
BindingExtension to the VDV454 – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system
VDV Transposition deadlines of implementation guides VDVVDV – Transposition deadlines of realisation guides VDV (version 1.3)

Download: DE | FR | IT | EN
Binding
Differences XSD2015 XSD2017d CUS VDV Differences XSD2015 XSD2017d (version 1.0.) - Management Presentation

Download: DE | FR | IT
Draft
Differences XSD2015 XSD2017d CUS VDV Differences XSD2015 XSD2017d (version 1.0.) - Excel Document

Download: DE | FR | IT
Draft
Migration_XSD2017 and OAuth Migration XSD2017 ext OAuth

Download: DE | FR | IT
Draft

SIRI (as at: October 2022)

SIRI Realisation Guide of the Swiss Public TransportSIRI – Realisation Guide – Swiss public transport system

For further Information, please contact qs.ski@sbb.ch
DraftBased on SIRI-specification Siri 2.0o

More Information about SIRI on GitHub: Link
*) Information on the status of the directives
Binding = Binding for public transport in Switzerland, offical validation by Management Board SKI
Review = Document is under review, no validation by Management Board SKI
Draft = Work in progess, no validation by Management Board SKI
Deprecated= The standard is being replaced (with validation by Management Board SKI).

Situation Exchange Data

VDV 736 - Situation Exchange data (as at: November 2020)

Items Current valid version Status* Comments
VDV736 Global architectureGlobal architecture: data exchange on events in Swiss public transport (version 1.0.)

Download: DE | FR | IT

BindingDetails of the last review: Link
VDV736-1 Umgang mit Störungsmeldungen (UmS) - Fachliche Anforderungen und betriebliche ProzesseLink to DocumentationBinding
VDV736-2 Umgang mit Störungsmeldungen (UmS) - Standardisierter Austausch von Ereignis- und Störungsmeldungen mit der europäischen Norm CEN/TS 15531-5 "SIRI" - Teil 2 Beschreibung Schnittstelle SIRI-SXLink to DocumentationBinding
Mitteilung 7048 Umgang mit Störungsmeldungen (UmS) in der Praxis - Beispiele zur Anwendung der VDV 736Link to DocumentationBinding
Profil CH Preparation and translation in progress. Please contact geschaeftsstelle.ski@sbb.ch for further information
*) Information on the status of the directives
Binding = Binding for public transport in Switzerland, offical validation by Management Board SKI
Review = Document is under review, no validation by Management Board SKI
Draft = Work in progess, no validation by Management Board SKI

3. Standards SKI+ (openmobilitydata.swiss / Open Journey Planner)

Gli standard rilevanti per openmobilitydata.swiss e l’Open Journey Planner sono riassunti nella sezione Standards SKI+.

 

I documenti che seguono contengono ciascuno una descrizione di uno standard specifico, le responsabilità, i collegamenti importanti, le tecnologie e gli standard sottostanti, l’uso e i set di dati in Svizzera, le nostre valutazioni, le specifiche e le raccomandazioni, nonché un profilo – a volte molto dettagliato – della Svizzera (nel senso di regolamenti di attuazione, guide alla realizzazione).

Concepts

Artefact (Standard / Profile) Current Version Status* Remark
Basis for discussion for the standardisation of NADIM1.0
Download: DE

ReviewThe document describes all standards and profiles intended for SKI+.
The original can be found on the BAV Site.
Roadmap Standardisation SKI+1.0
Download: DE
Binding
Integration of on-demand transport offers in the SKI/SKI+ system environment1.0
Download: DE / FR
Binding
*) Information on the status of the directives
Binding : Binding for public transport in Switzerland.
Review : Document is under review
Draft : Work in progess.

Profiles and technical standards

Artefakt (Standard / Profil) Aktuelle Version Status* Kommentar
GBFS1.0
Download: DE
DecidedCoordinated with the BAV und BFE, published 2022-05-20
*) Information on the status of the directives
Decided :The standard is already in use or its implementation has already been decided.
Recommended: The standard is recommended for introduction.
Optional : The standard can be used for data submission if the use of the corresponding target standard is disproportionate. However, for accepting systems, the standard is not provided via the NADIM.

Conceptional Standards

Artefakt (Standard / Profil) Aktuelle Version Status* Kommentar
TransmodelStandard for Q3 2022
Profil for Q4 2022
*) Information on the status of the directives
Decided :The standard is already in use or its implementation has already been decided.
Recommended: The standard is recommended for introduction.
Optional : The standard can be used for data submission if the use of the corresponding target standard is disproportionate. However, for accepting systems, the standard is not provided via the NADIM.

Gruppi di lavoro attivi per gli standard d’interfacci

Kundeninformation Datenschnittstellen (KIDS) VDV Unterarbeitsgruppe (Verantwortlich: Daniel Hollenstein)

Kundeninformation Datenschnittstellen (KIDS) HRDF Unterarbeitsgruppe (Verantwortlich: Harri Müller)

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